Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Aggression as risk for delinquency and substance abuse in adolescents

Download

A- A+
dyslexia friendly

Original Papers/Research Reports

Aggression as risk for delinquency and substance abuse in adolescents

Authors:

Salman Shahzad ,

Institute of Clinical Psychology, University of Karachi, PK
X close

Sajida Yasmin

Institute of Clinical Psychology, University of Karachi, PK
X close

Abstract

Correction: Due to an error in the online publication of this journal, the publication date of this issue was recorded as 2014. The publication date was corrected to 2015 on 3rd September 2015. The date on the cover is correct.

 

The objective of this study is to explore the role of aggression (i.e. physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger and hostility) in the development of delinquency and drug abuse in adolescents. Hypotheses were formulated where delinquent adolescents would score high on the variables of physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger and hostility. Adolescents who abuse drugs would score high on the variable of aggression as compared to non-users. Total sample of study comprised of 200 adolescents out of which 101 were juvenile delinquents and 105 were non-delinquents of 12 to 18 year olds (mean age=15years) belonging to a low socio-economic status. The sample (delinquents) of the study was selected from central jail of Karachi and non-delinquents were selected from various public sector schools in Karachi by using random sampling techniques. Descriptive statistics were used to get a precise and better view of the characteristics of sample of the data. Independent sample t-test was used to determine the differences of aggression (physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger and hostility) between juvenile delinquents and non-delinquent (control) groups and between drug-users and non-users. The results show significant differences on variables of aggression between delinquent and non-delinquent adolescents. Delinquents are found to exhibit a high level of aggression as depicted by their mean scores on the aggression questionnaire. When subtypes of aggression are analysed delinquents are found to score high on physical aggression, verbal aggression and hostility. However, no significant difference is found between delinquents and non-delinquents on anger subtype. Similarly, t-test analysis and mean difference suggest that those who use drugs have a high level of aggression than those who do not use drugs. Prospects for future research have also been recommended on the basis of limitations drawn from the study. The role of aggression is well established in this study and a disorganised environment is significant in inculcating aggression among adolescents. Parents of high-risk children must be guided on their role in discouraging anti-social and deviant behaviour among their children. Also, results are useful for teachers who can identify a positive role they can play in teaching, coping skills to high risk children. Moreover, education is found to be a protective factor and thus the government must take initiatives to design and implement large scale life skills training programmes to overcome the problems that adolescents face.

International Journal of Prevention and Treatment of Substance Use Disorders 2015;1(3-4):106-118

How to Cite: Shahzad, S. & Yasmin, S., (2015). Aggression as risk for delinquency and substance abuse in adolescents. International Journal of Prevention and Treatment of Substance Use Disorders. 1(3-4), pp.106–118. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/ijptsud.v1i3-4.7842
Published on 28 Jul 2015.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus