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International standards in prevention: how to influence prevention systems by policy interventions?

Author:

Gregor Burkhart

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA), Lisbon, PT
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Abstract

Correction: Due to an error in the online publication of this journal, the publication date of this issue was recorded as 2014. The publication date was corrected to 2015 on 3rd September 2015. The date on the cover is correct.

 

The existence of multiple standards for drug prevention, published by different national and international organisations, might seem redundant and confusing at a glance. This paper aims to explain the rationales of the different standards and that they differentially respond to specific challenges of each of the three main components of a prevention system: interventions, services and people. Effectiveness of standards can improve the effectiveness of programmes and interventions, while process standards can improve the con-text within which effective programmes and interventions are implemented. The variety of the existing standards and their different levels of exigencies can be beneficiary if policy makers apply them in combination - ie. choosing effective interventions and assuring that they are properly implemented and accepted, and in the appropriate cultural and geographic context. Other international organisations involved provide additional support such as certified training and online resources. Taken together, these initiatives might pave the way for setting up accreditation systems, in some countries, and help to assure that prevention providers take up such effective interventions and that prevention professionals are capable of implementing and willing to use it. All this requires, however, the political will to actually implement these standards since it implies revising, challenging and improving custom-ary prevention systems with traditional approaches.

International Journal of Prevention and Treatment of Substance Use Disorders 2015;1(3-4):18-37

How to Cite: Burkhart, G., (2015). International standards in prevention: how to influence prevention systems by policy interventions?. International Journal of Prevention and Treatment of Substance Use Disorders. 1(3-4), pp.18–37. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/ijptsud.v1i3-4.7836
Published on 28 Jul 2015.
Peer Reviewed

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